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Hiroshima & Nagasaki

1945

Mushroom Cloud 

 

The top news event of the 20th century was written in the ashes of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, where the terrifying power of America's new atomic bomb brought World War II to an end in 1945.

"Little Boy" is the nick name given to the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.  Little Boy was dropped from the Enola Gay, one of the B-29 bombers that flew over Hiroshima on that day. The total number of people who have died due to the bomb is estimated to be 200,000.

Just three days after the bomb was dropped to Hiroshima, the second atomic bomb called "Fat Man" was dropped to Nagasaki. Though the amount of energy generated by the bomb  dropped to Nagasaki was significantly larger than that of the Little Boy, the damage given to the city was slighter than that given to Hiroshima due to the geographic structure of the city. It is estimated that approximately 70,000 people died by the end of the year because of the bombing.